- Installation and deployment
- Typical Usage
- Version Information
sfExcel is a Dyalog cover class for using the Syncfusion XlsIO namespace that is a 100% native .NET library that generates fully functional Microsoft Excel Spreadsheets in native Excel format without depending on Microsoft Excel.
Syncfusion XlsIO is a perfect solution for the users who need to read and write Microsoft Excel files. It does not require Microsoft Excel to be installed in the Report generation machine or server.
Installation and deployment
The following assemblies (version 12.3 or newer) are required in the subdirectory /Syncfusion/4.5 of the Dyalog APL version 14 (or newer) directory:
When saving to a PDF file the following assemblies are also required:
Instantiating and Disposing of the class:
xl←⎕NEW sfExcel ⍝ Instanciate a New Workbook with the default amount of Worksheets (3). or xl←⎕NEW sfExcel 1 ⍝ Instanciate a New Workbook with 1 Worksheet. xl.Dispose ⍝ To do when finish using the class to release the memory.
Writing APL data to the spreadsheet:
'A2' xl.SetValue (⊂'Hello World') ⍝ Set the value of a single cell in A1 notation. 2 1 xl.SetValue (⊂'Hello World') ⍝ Set the value of a single cell in RC notation. 'D5:F8' xl.SetValue 4 3⍴⍳12 ⍝ Set the value of a range in A1 notation. 5 4 8 6 xl.SetValue 4 3⍴⍳12 ⍝ Set the value of a range in RC notation. ⍝ With version 1.6 the Position of Upper Left Corner of the range can be used with the .SetXXX methods. 'D5' xl.SetValue 4 3⍴⍳12 5 4 xl.SetValue 4 3⍴⍳12
If the data is only Numbers or only Text use instead .SetNumber and .SetText that are faster:
'A2' xl.SetText (⊂'Hello World') ⍝ Set the value of a single cell in A1 notation. 2 1 xl.SetText (⊂'Hello World') ⍝ Set the value of a single cell in RC notation. 'D5:F8' xl.SetNumber 4 3⍴⍳12 ⍝ Set the value of a range in A1 notation. 5 4 8 6 xl.SetNumber 4 3⍴⍳12 ⍝ Set the value of a range in RC notation.
The methods .SetNumber2 and .SetText2 are very fast for importing a large set of number and text to the spreadsheet. They are using a DataTable internally. The method .ImportDataTable is very fast for importing a large set of number and text to the spreadsheet. However each columns must be of the same type (see also netDataTable for more info on DataTable):
dt ← xl.AplToDT ?100000 5⍴100000 ⍝ Get a .Net DataTable from the APL data. 1 1 xl.ImportDataTable dt ⍝ Import the DataTable at position [row;col] (upper left corner). 1 1 xl.SetNumber2 ?100000 5⍴100000 ⍝ Same thing but the DataTable is used internally.
For dates use the method .TsToOADate that gives a number compatible with the Excel date format.
'A3' xl.SetNumber (xl.TsToOADate ⎕TS) ⍝ To convert ⎕TS to an OADate compatible with Excel.
For writing an array after the last row or column of the current Worksheet.
xl.AddAfterLastRow array xl.AddAfterLastColumn array
Reading data from the spreadsheet to APL:
xl.GetValue 'A2' ⍝ Get the value of a single cell in A1 notation. xl.GetValue 2 1 ⍝ Get the value of a single cell in RC notation. xl.GetValue 'D5:F8' ⍝ Get the value of a range in A1 notation. xl.GetValue 5 4 8 6 ⍝ Get the value of a range in RC notation.
The methods .GetNumber and .GetText are faster when only numbers or characters are in the range:
xl.GetText 'A2' ⍝ Get the value of a single cell in A1 notation. xl.GetText 2 1 ⍝ Get the value of a single cell in RC notation. xl.GetNumber 'D5:F8' ⍝ Get the value of a range in A1 notation. xl.GetNumber 5 4 8 6 ⍝ Get the value of a range in RC notation.
The method .ExportDataTable is recommended for large range. The methods .GetNumber2 and .GetText2 are using a DataTable internally and are very fast for large array of the same type. See link to learn how to query a DataTable obtained with the method .ExportDataTable.
dt←xl.ExportDataTable 'J10:S19' ⍝ Export the spreadsheet data as a .Net data table. xl.DTtoApl dt ⍝ Convert a .Net DataTable to APL. xl.GetNumber2 1 1 100000 5 ⍝ Retrieve large array while using a DataTable internally. ds←xl.ExportDataSet ⍝ Export the Workbook as a DataSet (collection of DataTables).
To convert dates use .OADateToTs that convert the OA Date back to ⎕TS.
xl.OADateToTs (xl.GetNumber 'A3') ⍝ To convert an Excel date to ⎕TS
Methods for Formatting a range:
range xl.SetFontBold bit ⍝ Set a range font in bold. Bit is 0 or 1. range xl.SetFontItalic bit ⍝ Set a range font in italic. Bit is 0 or 1. range xl.WrapText bit ⍝ Set if text in range is wrapped. Bit is 0 or 1. range xl.SetBorderAround 'Thin' ⍝ Set a 'Thin' border around range. range xl.SetFontColor color ⍝ Set a range font color. Color can be a name or the R G B values. range xl.SetFontName fontName ⍝ Set a range font name. range xl.SetFontSize fontSize ⍝ Set a range font size in points. range xl.SetFormat format ⍝ Set a range format (ex.: 'yy/m/d h:mm', '0.00', etc.). range xl.SetHAlignment alignment ⍝ Set range Horizontal alignment (Center, CenterAcrossSelection, ⍝ Distributed, Fill, General, Justify, Left, Right). range xl.SetVAlignment alignment ⍝ Set range Vertical alignment (Bottom, Center, Distributed, Justify, Top). xl.Merge range ⍝ Merge cells in range. xl.AutoFitColumns range ⍝ Adjust width of columns in range to the widest value. xl.AutoFitRows range ⍝ Adjust hight of rows to the highest value. xl.FreezeRows noRows ⍝ noRows = number of rows to freeze from top of worksheet. xl.LastColumn ⍝ Get the last column of a worksheet. xl.LastRow ⍝ Get the last row of a worksheet. xl.UsedRange ⍝ Get the range used by the active worksheet in RC notation. xl.ConvertA1toRC ⍝ Convert from A1 notation to Row and Column Index notation (RC). ⍝ 'B5' → 5 2 ⍝ 'D2:E10' → 2 4 10 5 xl.ConvertRCtoA1 ⍝ Convert from Row and Column Index notation to Excel A1 notation. ⍝ 5 2 → 'B5' ⍝ 2 4 10 5 → 'D2:E10'
Remark for methods with a range as argument:
The method .ParseRange is used internally to obtain a Syncfusion range object with the following parameters:
- range can be in A1 notation (ex.: 'D5:F8' or 'B2').
- range can be in RC notation (ex.: 'D5:F8' is 5 4 8 6) or row col lastRow lastCol.
- range can be a single positive number as the Column index base 1.
- range can be a single negative number as the Row index base 1.
Methods related to the worksheet:
xl.AddWorksheet sheetName ⍝ Add a new worksheet. xl.DeleteWorksheet sheet ⍝ Delete a worksheet. sheet = SheetName or Index of the worksheet. xl.GetActiveWorksheetName ⍝ Get the active sheet name of active workbook. xl.SetActiveWorksheet sheet ⍝ Set active a worksheet. sheet = SheetName or Index of the worksheet. xl.GetWorksheetsNames ⍝ Get all the worksheets names of active workbook. index xl.SetWorksheetName sheetName ⍝ Set the worksheet name. index = index of worksheet
Methods related to the workbook:
xl.ExportDataSet ⍝ Export the Workbook as a DataSet (collection of DataTables). xl.Show ⍝ Show the active workbook. xl.Print sheet ⍝ Print worksheet. sheet = SheetName or Index of the worksheet. xl.LoadFile fileName ⍝ Load an Excel workbook file. xl.SaveAsCSV fileName ⍝ Save to file the specify worksheet with the CSV format. xl.SaveAsStream ⍝ Save the Current WorkBook As a Stream in .Xlsx format. xl.LoadFromStream ⍝ Load an Excel Workbook from a Stream obtained by the method 'SaveAsStream' xl.SaveAsHtml fileName ⍝ Save the current worksheet as fileName in .Html format. xl.SaveAsXls fileName ⍝ Save the current workbook as fileName in .Xls format. xl.SaveAsXlsx fileName ⍝ Save the current workbook as fileName in .Xlsx format. xl.SaveAsPdf fileName ⍝ Save the current worksheet as fileName in .Pdf format. ⍝ Note: fileName = filename with full path and extension
There is many more methods and options available from Syncfusion.
Their complete online documentation is at http://help.syncfusion.com/wpf and look for XlsIo at the bottom of the left pane.
Syncfusion is using the assembly Syncfusion.Compression.Base.dll to zip and unzip the Excel file in the .Xlsx format. The Wiki sfZip is using that assembly to Zip and UnZip text and file(s) on disk.
XlsIo will work fine on most simple cases but it is not a 100% perfect replacement of Microsoft Excel. For example the shapes of Excel are not supported in XlsIo.
Dyalog APL version 14.0 is shipping with version 12.1 of Syncfusion assemblies, you need to upgrade them to 12.3 otherwise not everything will work correctly.
MS Excel supports 16,384 columns by 1,048,576 rows in Excel 2007 and above formats (*.xlsx), and 256 columns by 65,536 rows in Excel97to2003 format (*.xls). XlsIO allows the same limit in its respective formats. By default, the Excel version is Excel97to2003 (*.xls) in XlsIO. So, you have to set the ExcelVersion property of IWorkbook to Excel2007 or above to use entire 1,048,576 rows.
How to install sfExcel in your workspace
- Do a Select all (Ctrl+A) and a copy (Ctrl+C).
In your workspace execute )ed ○ sfExcel
- Paste (Ctrl+V) the text into the Dyalog editor
- Press Escape and ')save' your workspace
If you load the sample worksheet from the book Mastering Dyalog APL from Bernard Legrand you get the following:
xl←⎕NEW sfExcel xl.LoadFile 'd:\XLDemo.xls' 7 7↑ xl.GetValue (xl.UsedRange) 2009 [Null] [Null] Sales forecast [Null] [Null] [Null] Updated on [Null] January 17 2008 [Null] Source Country Coffee Tea Chocolate Soda Sugar Biscuits Germany 1089 783 5217 2309 643 304 Spain [Null] [Null] 5420 4380 650 320 Italy 1050 800 5500 3210 660 330 Canada 1080 800 5620 2560 [Null] 380 xl.Show ⍝ To Show the same file with MS Excel XL←⎕NEW'OleClient'(⊂'ClassName' 'Excel.Application') XL.Workbooks.Open(⊂'d:\XLDemo.xls') XL.Visible←1
Version 1.0 November 2014, Pierre Gilbert Version 1.1 November 2014, Typo corrections suggested by Daniel Baronet Version 1.2 November 2014, Typo corrections suggested by Daniel Baronet Version 1.3 May 2015 Methods Improved: GetNumber, GetText, GetValue, GetDisplayText Methods Added: SaveAsCSV, SaveAsStream, LoadFromStream, AddAfterLastRow AddAfterLastColumn, ExportDataSet Methods Modified: ExportDataTable, ImportDataTable Version 1.4 May 2015 Methods Improved: GetNumber, GetText, ParseRange Version 1.5 May 2015 Method ExportDataSet corrected for empty worksheet Version 1.6 June 2015 Methods Improved: SetNumber, SetText, SetValue, AplToDT Methods Added: SetNumber2, SetText2, GetNumber2, GetText2 for large array Methods Modified: DTtoApl returns numeric 0 on empty cells All the SetXXX methods accept now the upper left corner position of the array like: 1 1 xl.SetNumber 5 4⍴⍳20 Bug corrected in: SetWorksheetName, DeleteWorksheet, SaveAsCSV, SaveAsHtml, SetActiveWorksheet ⎕USING is now Global instead of Local for most of the Methods Version 1.7 September 2015 Additional comments added on methods: ExportDataTable and ExportDataSet Version 1.8 October 2015 Bug corrected in ParseRange when using RC notation on single value Version 1.9 August 2017 Bug corrected in RangeDimension: did not report the correct dimensions on empty range (thanks to Michael Baas) Bug corrected in GetNumber: will return a number on a cell with a formula (thanks to Michael Baas) Version 2.0 August 2017 Bug corrected in GetText: will return a text on a cell with a formula (thanks to Michael Baas) Version 2.1 Feb 2018 (thanks to Michael Bass) performance improvements for GetValue (Factor 100 or more!)
<apgil AT SPAMFREE videotron DOT ca>